‘Freda’ a Case History on Managing Excessive Debt
Freda (not her real name) had never imagined that at 68 she would be needing the services of a Bankruptcy Trustee. Having spent her entire life in the Greater Toronto Area, she had built what she thought was a good life with her husband, complete with a nice home and great kids. She had worked in retail for over 30 years (for the same department store), and had been looking forward to retirement.
When Freda turned 62 – her husband ended their marriage. In the ensuing divorce, Freda learned that he had been mismanaging their finances for years. Since Freda had totally relied on him to handle all the money matters, she had no idea how bad things were. Poor investments in risky stocks, uncollectable loans to ‘friends’, and refinancing mortgages that had all but eaten up the equity in their home, were just the beginning of the financial nightmare that Freda discovered she was in. At the end of divorce proceedings Freda was left with a car and $50,000 of debt ($20,000 in credit cards and $30,000 in an unsecured bank loan).
Moving to modest rental accommodations, and keeping her expenses to a minimum enabled Freda to pay down the $50,000 of debt to $25,000. By taking a part-time retail job after retirement at 65, Freda was able to continue to work on paying down the debt, but at 67 she was forced to give up that job due to poor health. Now living on a fixed net pension of $1,650/month Freda had tried to keep up with the $650 per month she was paying on the outstanding debt, but soon discovered she had to use her credit cards to buy food and medication.
Debt, Creeping Back Up
By age 68 her debt had crept back up to $28,000 and Freda had fallen behind in her credit card payments. Approaching her bank to see if she could get a consolidation loan to reduce her monthly payments she was denied. Despite her impeccable history of paying her bank loan, and a working relationship with the bank that went back decades, the bank told her she was not eligible for a consolidation loan because she was a pensioner on a fixed income. Contacting her two credit card companies in hopes of making some sort of reduction agreement – resulted in denials as well as demands for lump sum payments.
Defeated, stressed and feeling she had no other choice, Freda came to the offices of David Sklar & Associates to see about filing for Bankruptcy. During her initial consultation with Estate Administrator Richard Sklar, her finances were reviewed in detail. At that point in time she had credit card debts of $12,500; an unsecured bank loan of $15,500; and assets that consisted of a seven year old car which was owned outright.
An Alternative to Bankruptcy
After reassuring her that there was a way to reasonably fix her present problems, Richard reviewed her choices with her and explained Consumer Proposals in detail. Freda had not heard of this alternative to Bankruptcy, and was eager to have the opportunity of at least repaying some of her debt, staying out of Bankruptcy, and keeping her car. Working on her Proposal and establishing a reasonable monthly budget, it was determined that she could afford to pay $175/mo towards her unsecured debt – for a period of 60 months. Even before her Proposal was presented to her creditors, Freda began to experience a sense of empowerment and control and that had been missing in her life for many years. With Richard’s help, she had come to the realization that she had options.
Her creditors were presented with the Proposal which showed her financial situation clearly. When the Trustee recommended the creditors accept the Proposal because they would get nothing if Freda went into Bankruptcy, her offer was accepted.
Although Freda was pleased with the outcome of the Proposal, she wondered why her bank, who was the major creditor and had readily accepted the offer from the Trustee, had not listened to her when she had explained the situation to them in person.
As part of her Consumer Proposal, Freda was required to attend two financial consulting sessions. During these sessions she learned how to manage her money. After years of relying on her husband to take care of the finances, followed by years of hanging on by shear will power – Freda was pleased to be able to tell Richard that she had come to the point in her life where she had gained the knowledge and independence she needed to take control of her own life.
To protect our client’s privacy, aspects of this case study have been altered